Materials – Metals

We come with an extensive array of materials experience including:

  • Irons
    • grey cast iron
    • white cast iron
  • Steels
    • plain carbon
    • alloy
    • microalloy steels
    • stainless
    • powder metal
  • Aluminium alloys
  • Magnesium alloys
  • Titanium alloys
  • Copper alloys
    • brasses
    • bronzes
  • Refractory metals
  • Metal matrix composites
    • particulate reinforced
    • short fibre reinforced
    • continuous fibre reinforced
  • Surface treatments
    • case hardening
    • plating
    • thermal spraying
    • PVD
    • CVD
  • Tribological materials
    • plain bearings
      • aluminium alloy
      • copper alloy
      • white metal
    • friction materials
      • sintered
  • Sealing materials
    • gaskets

Processes

Comprehensive process knowledge includes:

  • Casting
    • sand
    • gravity die
    • pressure die
    • lost wax
    • continuous
    • squeeze
  • Powder metallurgy
    • cold compaction
      • steel
      • aluminium
      • copper
    • warm compaction
    • hot compaction
    • isostatic pressing
    • powder rolling
    • injection moulding
    • porous materials
  • Rolling
  • Forging
  • Extrusion
    • continuous
  • Heat treatment
  • Welding
  • Brazing
  • Soldering

Applications

Application experience includes:

  • Automotive
    • powertrain
    • valvetrain
    • brakes
    • suspension
    • body panels
  • Industrial
    • lifting equipment
    • hydraulics
    • valves
    • heat exchangers
    • press tooling
    • cutting tools
    • catering equipment
  • Aerospace
  • Railway
    • locomotive
  • Marine
    • valves
    • deck fittings
  • Domestic products
    • electrical contacts
    • plumbing fittings

Failure Mechanisms

Failure experience includes:

  • Fracture
    • fatigue
      • corrosion
      • rolling contact
      • fretting
    • brittle
      • intergranular
      • cleavage
    • ductile
      • microvoid coalescence
  • Corrosion
    • pitting
    • galvanic
    • intergranular
    • stress-corrosion
    • hydrogen embrittlement
    • erosion & cavitation
    • dezincification
    • oxidation
  • Wear
    • abrasive
    • cavitation erosion
    • adhesive wear
    • fretting wear
    • Distortion